Power System: Operations and Control
By Globus Press
The EPS consists of three subsystems:Â power reactant storage and distribution,Â fuel cell power plantsÂ (electrical powerÂ generation) andÂ electrical power distributionÂ and control. TheÂ PRSDÂ subsystem stores the reactants (cryogenic hydrogen and oxygen) and supplies them to the threeÂ fuel cell power plants, which generate all theÂ electrical powerÂ for the vehicle during all mission phases. In addition, cryogenic oxygen is supplied to theÂ environmental control and life support systemÂ for crew cabin pressurization. The hydrogen and oxygen are stored in their respective storage tanks at cryogenic temperatures and supercritical pressures. The storage temperature of liquid oxygen is minus 285 F and minus 420 F for liquid hydrogen. The threeÂ fuel cell power plants, through a chemical reaction, generate all of the 28-volt direct-currentÂ electrical powerÂ for the vehicle from launch through landing rollout. Before launch,Â electrical powerÂ is provided by ground power supplies and the onboardÂ fuel cell power plantsÂ until T minus three minutes and 30 seconds. Each fuel cell power plant consists of a power section, where the chemical reaction occurs, and a compact accessory section attached to the power section, which controls and monitors the power sectionâs performance. The threeÂ fuel cell power plantsÂ are individually coupled to the reactant (hydrogen and oxygen) distribution subsystem, the heat rejection subsystem, the potable water storage subsystem and the EPDC subsystem. TheÂ fuel cell power plantsÂ generate heat and water as by-products ofÂ electrical powerÂ generation. The excess heat is directed to fuel cell heat exchangers, where the excess heat is rejected to Freon coolant loops. The water is directed to the potable water storage subsystem. The book presents a very systematic presentation of the subject matter in simple and lucid language. Therefore, this book is of vital academic as well as national importance.