Rural Development: Concept and Approaches
By Globus Press
Literally and from the social, economic and political perspectives the statement is valid even today. Around 65% of the Stateâs population is living in rural areas. People in rural areas should have the same quality of life as is enjoyed by people living in sub urban and urban areas. Further there are cascading effects of poverty, unemployment, poor and inadequate infrastructure in rural areas on urban centres causing slums and consequential social and economic tensions manifesting in economic deprivation and urban poverty. Hence Rural Development which is concerned with economic growth and social justice, improvement in the living standard of the rural people by providing adequate and quality social services and minimum basic needs becomes essential. The present strategy of rural development mainly focuses on poverty alleviation, better livelihood opportunities, provision of basic amenities and infrastructure facilities through innovative programmes of wage and self-employment. Rural developmentÂ actions are mainly and mostly to development mostly aim theÂ socialÂ andÂ economic developmentÂ of the areas. In Europe, rural development actions also integrate environmental management as a core component. Rural development programs are usually top-down from theÂ localÂ orÂ regionalÂ authorities,Â regional development agencies,Â NGOs, national governments or international development organizations. But then, local populations can also bring about endogenous initiatives forÂ development. The term is not limited to the issues forÂ developing countries. In fact many of the developed countriesÂ have very active rural development programmes. The main aim of the rural government policy is to develop the undeveloped villages. Rural development aims at finding the ways to improve the rural lives with participation of the rural people themselves so as to meet the required need of the rural area. The outsider may not understand the setting, culture, language and other things prevalent in the local area. As such, general people themselves have to participate in their sustainable rural development. InÂ developing countriesÂ like Nepal,Â India, integrated development approaches are being followed up. In the context of many approaches and ideas have been developed and followed up, for instance,Â bottom-upÂ approach,Â PRA-Participatory Rural Appraisal,Â RRA-Â Rapid Rural AppraisalÂ etc. The book covers basic aspects of the subject, provides an example of a student research report. This book provides a separate chapter for each aspects of the subject.