Cultural History of Medieval India
By Globus Press
The Indian early medieval age, 600 CE to 1200 CE, is defined by regional kingdoms and cultural diversity.Â WhenÂ HarshaÂ ofÂ Kannauj, who ruled much of the Indo-Gangetic Plain from 606 to 647 CE, attempted to expand southwards, he was defeated by theÂ ChalukyaÂ ruler of the Deccan.Â When his successor attempted to expand eastwards, he was defeated by theÂ PalaÂ king ofÂ Bengal.Â When the Chalukyas attempted to expand southwards, they were defeated by theÂ PallavasÂ from farther south, who in turn were opposed by the Pandyas and the Cholas from still farther south.Â No ruler of this period was able to create an empire and consistently control lands much beyond his core region.Â During this time, pastoral peoples whose land had been cleared to make way for the growing agricultural economy were accommodated within caste society, as were new non-traditional ruling classes.Â The caste system consequently began to show regional differences. In the 6th and 7th centuries, the firstÂ devotional hymnsÂ were created in the Tamil language.Â They were imitated all over India and led to both the resurgence of Hinduism and the development of allÂ modern languages of the subcontinent. The objective of this book is to provide guidelines for students to understand the topic.