KOZHIKODE l Sunday l July 04, 2021 l `12.00 l PAGES 24 l city edition Phase 3 trial analysis pegs covaxin’s Efficacy at 77.8% Bharat Biotech said its jab has 77.8% effectiveness against symptomatic Covid and 65% efficacy against the Delta strain 93.4% effective against severe disease While the study is yet to be peer-reviewed, the pre-print data publicised on Saturday show Covaxin to be 93.4% effective against severe disease. “Safety analysis shows adverse events reported were similar to placebo, with 12% subjects experiencing commonly known side-effects and less than 0.5% of subjects feeling serious adverse events,” the company said ■ 79% over 25K volunteers participated ■ Though Bharat Biotech got emergency use authorisation in January last, there was criticism that its efficacy data was much delayed while several other manufacturers had reported theirs The trials were conducted between November 16 and January 7, 2021, with 25,798 participants randomised to placebo groups | P7 efficacy of the Phase 3 results of AstraZeneca (Covishield) CHENNAI ■ MADURAI ■ VIJAYAWADA ■ BENGALURU ■ KOCHI ■ HYDERABAD ■ VISAKHAPATNAM ■ COIMBATORE ■ KOZHIKODE ■ THIRUVANANTHAPURAM ■ BELAGAVI ■ BHUBANESWAR ■ SHIVAMOgGA ■ MANGALURU ■ TIRUPATI ■ TIRUCHY ■ TIRUNELVELI ■ SAMBALPUR ■ HUBBALLI ■ DHARMAPURI ■ KOTTAYAM ■ KANNUR ■ VILLUPURAM ■ KOLLAM ■ WARANGAL ■ TADEPALLIGUDEM ■ NAGAPATTINAM ■ THRISSUR ■ KALABURAGI France begins judicial probe into corruption claims in Rafale deal Swearing in today; Khatima MLA Dhami will become the third chief minister of the hill state in four months Pushkar Dhami to take over as U’Khand CM VINEE T UPADH YAY @ Dehradun nated to probe the deal. “The highly sensitive probe into the inter-governmental France’s Parquet National deal signed off in 2016 was forFinancier (PNF, national fi- mally opened on June 14,” Menancial prosecutor’s office) diapart reported. Rafale makhas ordered a judicial probe er Dassault Aviation has time into allegations of corruption and again averred that there and favouritism in the `59,000 has been no wrong-doing. crore Rafale fighter jet deal Sherpa said its first comwith India, French media plaint was filed with PNF in reported. October 2018 but the Cong seeks PNF, which initiallatter took no action. JPC probe ly refused to order an The NGO said its inquiry into the concomplaint was based The Congress on troversial defence on a petition filed by Saturday deal, finally relented demanded a Joint former Union minisafter French investiters Yashwant Sinha Parliamentary gative website Medi- Committee probe and Arun Shourie apart’s fresh reports and lawyer Prashant into the NDA about alleged wrongBhushan with the government’s doings and a comCentral Bureau of Rafale deal, plaint by French alleging corruption Investigation. In the NGO Sherpa, which in the purchase of complaint, Sherpa specialises in finan- the French fighter had denounced the cial crimes. In April, jets, and said such fact that Dassault a Mediapart report an investigation is chose a leading Indiclaimed “millions of a n c o n g l o m e r at e the only way euros of hidden comwith no experience forward to find missions” were paid in aeronautics, as its the truth | P7 to ensure the deal is Indian partner insealed, of which “some could stead of Hindustan Aeronauhave been given as bribes” to tics Limited. Indian officials. In 2019, the Supreme Court Following this, NGO Sherpa had dismissed a batch of refiled an official complaint for view petitions seeking a probe “corruption” and “influence into the government’s 2016 peddling” among other accu- purchase of the 36 fighter jets, sations, prompting an investi- saying there was no ground to gating magistrate to be desig- order an FIR in the case. E x p r e ss n e w s S e r v i c e @ New Delhi Greenfield stadiUM in legal soup as firm managing it goes bust The proceedings to auction the stadium at Karyavattom in Thiruvananthapuram are under way. Two companies have reportedly submitted bids to take part in the auction process | P4 PUTTING an end to the political drama, Pushkar Singh Dhami was named the new Chief Minister of Uttarakhand on Saturday The decision to make . the 45-year-old the No. 1 man in the state cabinet was taken at the BJP’s legislature group meeting. A two-time MLA from Khatima, Dhami is the youngest CM of Uttarakhand. He will take oath on Sunday “I am grateful . that the party has chosen a common worker, son of an ex-serviceman born in Pithoragarh to serve the state. We are committed to working for the people,” he said. His name was proposed by outgoing CM Tirath Singh Rawat, who resigned on Friday. After that, it was a unanimous choice. There were celebrations in the new CM’s village, with locals dancing to the beat of dholaks. Dhami started out as a youth leader and is believed to have a strong youth connect. In his younger days, he was a leader of ABVP, the student wing of RSS. Later, he became part of the Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha, the youth wing of BJP . In all, he served the RSS and its INSIDE Writ petition doesn’t stand: Twitter to HC from army family, dhami has rss roots I P8 rawat’s short stint mired in controversies I P8 Severe third wave not likely: IIT researchers E x p r e ss n e w s S e r v i c e @ New Delhi E x p r e ss n e w s S e r v i c e @ New Delhi Twitter told the Delhi High Court on Saturday the writ petition against it for flouting the IT Rules 2021 is not maintainable because it is a US-registered entity which is neither the originator nor the publisher of the content transmitted through its platfor m. The petitioner doesn’t have locus standi and, hence, the petition should be dismissed, it argued. The plea had also sought action against Twitter Inc for its failure to appoint a Resident Grievance Officer as directed under Rule 4 of the IT Rules 2021 and stated that as per a Government of India circular the same were to be complied with by May 25. Replying to the same, Twitter submitted that the circular was merely directory and not mandatory in nature, and P7 further subject to “just exceptions”. The impact of a third Covid wave, if it comes, will be much less severe than the second, according to a mathematical model developed by IIT Kanpur and IIT Hyderabad. In the worst-case scenario, there could be up to 2 lakh new cases daily between October and November if 50% of the infected individuals lose their immunity within three months and the rest stay immune. Other assumptions are that 25% will gain immunity one month after first vaccine dose, and another 25% one month after the second. Also, a new mutant virus may arrive by Augustend and raise the contact rate to 0.5%. In a better scenario, there could be 75,000 daily cases. It has the same assumptions as the worst-case scenario. But the new mutant would raise the contact rate to 0.4% or less. In the best scenario, there would be 50,000 new cases per day if 40% infected individuals lose immunity and 30% become immune one month after the first shot, and another 30% a month after the next. And, no mutant strain. Probe finds prank led to infant death, 2 suicides have got evidence to prove that Reshma had been chatting with In what could be mistaken as a fake ID created by Arya and the climax of a crime thriller, Greeshma. The information the Chathannoor police have was confirmed after questiongathered crucial evidence to ing one of Greeshma’s close prove that the Facebook friend, friends who had been aware of A n a n t h u , wh o a l l e g e d ly the prank played by the young prompted 22-year old women. In the initial Re s h m a o f K a l l u phase itself, police vathukkal to abandon found the Facebook ID her new born baby is a to be fake, but, investifictitious character. gators had no clue that The anticlimax, howReshma’s relatives ever, is that the fake ID were behind that. It is Ananthu was created learnt that the version Reshma by Reshma’s close relaof the witness will be tives Arya and Greeshrecorded as swor n ma who ended life by jumping statement in front of the judiinto a river soon after the ar- cial magistrate in the coming rest of the infant’s mother. week. According to Chathannoor The police are also waiting to ACP Nizamudeen Y, who is interrogate Reshma who is unleading the probe, the police der quarantine at Women’s P S Dhami waving to his supporters after being named U’Khand CM | PTI S i n d u C h o o d a n @ Kollam Arya and Greeshma Prison, Attakulangara, after testing positive for Covid. Reshma told the police that she had abandoned her second child as advised by Facebook friend Ananthu though she had never met Ananthu or seen his photograph. The infant boy was found dumped in a heap of garbage behind Reshma’s house at Oo zhaykode, near Kalluvathukkal, on January 5. Though the infant was rushed to hospital, he couldn’t be saved. After nearly five months of investigation, the police obtained scientific evidence through DNA test to prove the child was delivered by Reshma. However, Reshma’s husband Vishnu told police that he was not aware that she had been pregnant. Reshma’s arrest was recorded on June 22. She had said the second child would be a hurdle for her plans to live with her Facebook friend. The investigation turned to 23-year-old Arya, the sister-inlaw of Vishnu, after police found that Reshma had used a SIM card taken in her name. On the scheduled day of interrogation, Arya and her relative 22-year-old Greeshma went missing. Later, their bodies were recovered from Ithikara ● More on P4 river. sister organisations for 33 years. Not known to be very close to Prime Minister Narendra Modi or Union Home Minister Amit Shah, Dhami is believed to have good rapport with defence minister Rajnath Singh. Former Uttarakhand BJP president and MP from Nainital Ajay Bhatt said it felt good to have a young leader. “We are going to win the 2022 Assembly elections with a bigger margin than 2017,” he said. Dhami’s mother Vishna Devi said: “I cannot describe my feel- EXPRESS READ BJP state prez may not appear before cops Kozhikode: BJP state president K Surendran has hinted that he is unlikely to appear before the crime branch in the Kodakara money heist probe on July 6. “I was asked to appear to register witness account. It is not mandatory to appear on the specific day,” said Surendran. Govt starts publishing names of Covid victims T’Puram: The state has started publishing the names of persons who die of the Covid. The Covid bulletin issued on Saturday contained the name, place, age and date of death of the Covid victims, besides other details. ings. I miss his father. He would have been happier than me, the happiest person in the world to see his son become the CM.” Dhami’s wife Geeta thanked the prime minister, Shah, Rajnath, BJP’s national president JP Nadda and the people of Khatima who elected him. Opposition leaders lashed out at BJP “The drama is an insult . to the people of the state. The PM promised that double engine governments — one in Delhi another in Dehradun — will work towards development but all they gave was two ex-chief ministers.” Earlier this year, Rawat had replaced T S Rawat as chief minister of the state. Labour dept cites 73 violations, Kitex demands probe given them 15 days’ time to produce relevant records. The labour department has These are part of a routine served a notice on Kitex Gar- procedure and there is no need ments, exporter of kids appar- to make an issue out of it,” the el functioning at Kizhakkam- officer said. balam, alleging 73 violations it Sabu said a team of officers noticed during a surprise from the district industries ofcheck conducted at the unit fice visited Kitex on Saturday last week. to discuss the issues raised by On June 29, Kitex group had him following a directive from decided to scrap a the Industries `3,500-crore project director. ‘No politics to establish an ap“I took the officbehind raids parel park in Kochi ers around the facon Kitex’ and industrial tories and asked Kochi: Denying parks in Thiruthem to check the allegations of vananthapuram, allegations for political intentions Ko c h i a n d P a l themselves. If the behind the raids at akkad, alleging hardepartment wants Kitex Group assment by the state to address the issue, institutions, government. they should conIndustries Minister P vene a meeting of “The notice has Rajeeve said the cited 73 labour laws all of ficers conand says we have government will not cerned. There are try to interfere in the eight officers who failed to comply functioning of any with the law under deal with our unit, industry. each charge. Most including pollution of the laws cited in control board chief the notice does not apply to environment engineer, assistour unit. The notice, dated ant labour officer, health ofJune 28, was served on Friday ficer and factories and boilers evening,” said Kitex chairman officer. They should explain and managing director Sabu the allegations and I am ready M Jacob. to provide evidence from the A labour department officer part of Kitex. If the allegasaid the company authorities tions are proved wrong the were not able to show docu- government should suspend ments in connection with cer- the officers and conduct a tain violations we noticed dur- probe against them,” said ● More on P12 ing a surprise check. “We have Sabu. E x p r e ss N e w s S e r v i c e @ Kochi d o c u me n t i n g pre h i s t o r y New book maps south Indian clans’ 6k-yr-old Gandhara trek A m i t S U pa d h y e @ Hubballi About 6,000 years ago, some clans of forest settlers from south India set out on a great journey which took them along , the coast, traversing through several areas up north, and reaching as far as Gandhara (Kandahar in present-day Afghanistan). It is one of the great adventures involving movement of people, etched in India’s prehistory, at a time when even the wheel was not invented. Research has thrown light on certain facts, such as the families that embarked on the journey and crossed rivers either by boat, walk, or on the backs of animals. Several such unknown intricate bits of knowledge on prehistoric India, dating back some 10,000 years, are now being preserved and compiled by noted linguistic anthropologist and Padma awardee Ganesh N Devy. His book titled India Before History will be a 1,500page documentation-orientated work, which will also involve close to 70 articles from the country’s eminent scholars. Professor Devy’s project may be seen as a counter to the Central government’s ambitious plan of documenting India’s history of the last 12,000 years. But through his research, he is aiming to present the scientific facets of pre- and protohistory of the Indian region. Treatise on history Expected to hit the stands soon, Ganesh N Devy’s India Before History will speak about how India became a major agricultural region, the Harappan civilisation, the early migrations and more According to Prof Devy there , are several myths and facts about this land, its people and their culture. But one has to look at them from the scientific point of view. There are several branches of studying prehistory, such as archaeology, carbon dating, geology and decoding ancient bones — to know what kind of illnesses existed in those periods, what type of diet the people had, and so on. “My documentation about the prehistory of India is to prevent any kind of falsification of our past. The government-set committee to study the history of India has already run into controversy due to the choice of its members and the regions they represent. The ini- tial opposition to the committee was that it had no women members and a lone scholar from South India. In fact, the study of history began from the northern parts of Karnataka, following an excavation of stone-age tools,” Professor Devy explains. “There are debates whether the Aryans came to India or went from here. There are theories which insist that Sanskritspeaking people from India went from the region and settled in different parts of the globe, or the Sanskrit-speaking population came to India to settle. But there were no people called the Aryans at any given time in history, though there were languages,” he says. stiff challenge Denmark’s forward Kasper Dolberg (centre) is challenged by Czech Republic’s midfielder Jakub Jankto (left) and Czech Republic’s defender Jan Boril during the Euro 2020 quarterfinal match in Baku. Denmark won the match 2-1 | AFP Quarter-final Euro Cup Belgium lost to Italy 1-2 WITH THIS ISSUE Peru bt Paraguay 4-3 on penalties (3-3 aet) Brazil bt Chile (1-0) The Burnout Epidemic PLUS 12 PAGES Full coverage page 11
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