The second edition of “Pediatric Rheumatology” has made its appearance almost a decade after the first. It was long overdue. This edition is an updated, and enlarged, version of its predecessor. It is aimed at postgraduate students of pediatrics as well as practising pediatricians in India. The undergraduate and postgraduate medical curricula in our country (as also perhaps in many other countries) do not do justice to rheumatology in general and pediatric rheumatology in particular. As a result many pediatricians may find themselves inadequately trained and equipped in dealing with children having rheumatological disorders. It is hoped that this book would help provide answers to some of these issues. Like the first edition it does not, by any means, purport to be a conventional “Textbook” of Pediatric Rheumatology. Rather, it is a compilation of stand-alone articles covering common topics in the subject. Most of the authors are affiliated with established centres of pediatric rheumatology in India. Their manuscripts amply reflect their own experience and the tribulations of clinical practice in a resource constrained setting. Pediatric rheumatology is a challenging speciality and we need more young pediatricians in India to come forward and take up this branch as their preferred field of specialization.