TheÂ history of IndiaÂ begins with evidence of human activity ofÂ Homo sapiensÂ as long as 75,000 years ago, or with earlier hominids includingÂ Homo erectusfrom about 500,000 years ago. Â TheÂ Indus Valley Civilization, which spread and flourished in the northwestern part of theÂ Indian subcontinentÂ from c. 3300 to 1300 BCE in present-day Pakistan and northwest India, was the first major civilization in South Asia. Â A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture developed in theÂ Mature HarappanÂ period, from 2600 to 1900 BCE. Â ThisÂ Bronze AgeÂ civilization collapsed before the end of the second millennium BCE and was followed by theÂ Iron AgeÂ Vedic Civilization, which extended over much of theÂ Indo-Gangetic plainÂ and which witnessed the rise of major polities known as theÂ Mahajanapadas. In one of these kingdoms,Â Magadha,Â MahaviraÂ andÂ Gautama BuddhaÂ were born in the 6th or 5th century BCE and propagated theirÂ ÅramanicÂ philosophies.Most of the subcontinent was conquered by theÂ Maurya EmpireÂ during the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE. It became fragmented, with various parts ruled by numerousÂ Middle kingdomsÂ for the next 1,500 years. This is known as the classical period of Indian history, during which time India has sometimes been estimated to have had theÂ largest economyÂ of the ancient and medieval world, with its huge population generating between one fourth and one third of the worldâs income up to the 18th century. Hope this book will be useful to students as reference book and will be a priced collection for their own library.